Obesity is a medical disease that is acknowledged by medical societies such as the AMA, AAFP, AHA, ACC, AACE, ACE, The Obesity Society (TOS) and the Obesity Medicine Association (OMA). It is a complex disease where environment interacts with physiology resulting in an excess of adipose tissue that triggers a vicious cycle of increasing adipose dysfunction with adverse health effects affecting every medical specialty. It is chronic, relapsing, and progressive disease state that requires intervention.
As noted by the Obesity Medical Association, obesity medicine specialist are physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and other
healthcare providers who take a comprehensive, evidence based approach to treating obesity.
This approach is comprised of medical management, nutrition,behavioral therapy, and physical activity. Obesity medicine clinicians treat obesity as a chronic disease.
Because so many different factors contribute to obesity, obesity medicine clinicians develop personalized treatment plans comprised of nutrition, physical activity, behavior therapy, and medical management.